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OVERFLOW PADA CSS

Apa yang terjadi ketika isi konten melebihi ukuran dari pembungkusnya? mari kita intip kekuatan overflow

Bagaimana jika lebar atau tinggi dari suatu elemen HTML tidak cukup menampung isi dari kontennya? Kita bisa mengatur apa yang akan terjadi dengan properti overflow.

Opsi nilai overflow

Kita bisa memberi nilai dari overflow dengan ini:

  • visible: (otomatis/default). Konten akan melebihi pembungkusnya
  • hidden: Konten akan tersembunyi saat lebih dari pembungkus
  • scroll: Konten akan terpotong, namun bisa scroll pada pembungkus untuk melihat isinya
  • auto: mirip dengan scroll, namun hanya menampilkan scrollbar jika perlu.

Overflow hanya bekerja jika elemen diberi properti tinggi `height`

Contoh nilai Overflow

Berikut contoh menggunakan overflow pada CSS

<style>
.p{
 border: 1px solid white;
 padding: 5px;
}

.ov-hidden{
    height:60px;
    overflow: hidden;
}

.ov-scroll{
    height:120px;
    overflow: scroll;
}
</style>

<p class="p ov-hidden">
    Contoh P yang terbatasi tingginya dan diberi overflow hidden.  
    Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has  been   the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum
</p>

<p class="p ov-scroll">
    Contoh P yang terbatasi tingginya dan diberi overflow scroll.  
    Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has  been   the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum
</p>
Konten tersembunyi di box ini

Contoh P yang terbatasi tingginya dan diberi overflow hidden. Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum

Kamu bisa scroll di box ini

Contoh P yang terbatasi tingginya dan diberi overflow scroll. Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum

Overflow-x dan Overflow-y

Kita juga bisa menentukan spesifik apakah overflow ini, ingin hanya pada lebar atau tinggi saja.

  • overflow-x: untuk lebar (horizontal)
  • overflow-y: untuk lebar (vertical)
👈🏼 Height dan Width pada CSS
Box sizing 👉🏼